Sh. Satya Pal Malik
Hon'ble Governor
J&K
    
Sh. K. Vijay Kumar
Advisor to
The Governor J&K
    
Sh. B. V. R. Subrahmanyam, IAS
Chief Secretary,
J & K
    
Sh. Atal Dulloo, IAS
Principal Secretary to Government, H & M Education
    
Dr. Kunzes Dolma
Director Health Services, Kashmir
    
Former
Directors


District Profile Pulwama



Introduction

Pulwama being a part of the beautiful valley is bounded by SRINAGAR in the North by BUDGAM and POONCH Districts the west and by ANANTNAG Districts in the South and East. The District was formed in 1979 by separation of Tehsils Pulwama, Shopian and Tral of District Anantnag. The total area of the district is 1090 Sq. Kmtrs., as perCensus 2011, the district consists of 331 villages including 08 un-inhabitated . The district is administratively divided into four Tehsils I.e.Pulwama, Pampore, Awantipora and Tral which have further been grouped into six community block viz Pulwama, partly Keller, Kakapora, Tral and Pampore for development purposes. The Administrative center of the district is situated at Pulwama which is about 31 Kms from the Srinagar.


The district is famous for Archeological monuments especially those left by Raja Avantivarman & Lalta Ditya religious shrines like that of Khan-Kahi Faiz Panah of Shah Hamdan(R.A) at Tral and temple of Jawala Mukhi at Khrew. Mughal Road, the famous Shahrah is also a communication path of the district with other parts of the country. It has not been developed as yet, though the matter for its proper development as an alternative National High way is under consideration of State/Central Government. The climate in the district is temperate with mercury going 30o C in summer and below freezing point in winter.


The district is reported to be one of the pretty spots on the earth, because of its congenial climate, innumerable springs streams, water falls, fragrant flowers, delicious fruits and other natural sceneries. Besides District Pulwama is famous all over the world for saffron cultivation which is mainly grown in Karewa lands of Pampore, Kakapora and Pulwama Blocks.


There are important shrines and temples in the District to name a few Khankha Tral built by Mir Syed Ali Hamdani, the great saint and scholar of Iran, besides the town Awantipora present the remnant of the building and sculptures of the time of the king of Awantivarman.


The District is economically and Educational backward and planned efforts are needed for its speedy integrated and balanced development, only 65% were fond literate during the census of 2011 including the female literacy rate of 53.81% only.


Agriculture is the main occupation of people. 70% people are engaged with this activity and the remaining 30% are engaged with other occupations. The district is also famous in Fruit Cultivation. Tehsils Pampore have acquired in the district a distinction for cultivation of SAFFRAN. The Saffron "Crocus-Sativus" of Kashmir is famous for its bouquet and is in great demand as condiment and as a pigment for forehead marks of the Hindus. Agriculture contributes a major portion of the income of the people residing in the district followed by Fruit Cultivation. However, Industrial Sector is also developing. Till date 2736 SSI units have come up in the district and registered with the district Industries Centre, Pulwama providing employment to 13123 persons ( position ending 31.03.2011). The district is also rich in minerals, though only Lime Stone is being coveted for manufacture of cement at Zaina Trag Khrew area of Pampore Block. The Geology and mining department is conducting surveys for exploitation of the possibilities of other minerals also.


Forest, Green gold of state, are in abundance in the district and the contributes a remarkable share in the state income.


According to the revenue records the original name of Pulwama was Panwangam which comprised 4 pities namely Malikpora, Dangerapora, Chatpora and Dalipora. The pities is continue to be know by these names, as some stages Panwangam become to be called as "Pulgam" which was with the passage of time changed to the present name of Pulwama. It has a rich and cultural and historical background which legendry people having born and brought-up in the district and ancients kings choosing the area as their Capital the Kashmir Rural Awantipora founded Awantipora as his capital city. The remains of the city are still located at site 28 kms from Srinagar, in the form of Awanti Swami temple ruins on the left side of the Srinagar Jammu national highway. The archaeological movements at Awantipora, Jawlerari Kakapora and other places signify the rich history of the District Awantiverman (854-83 A.P) was great patron of Art sculpture. Besides Awanti Swami temple, he built another one, about a kilometer away, at Jawlerari. There temples according to history were circled by artificial lakes. After the death of the king. It is said that his son, Shanker Varma ascended the throne and retained Awantipora as his capital. He conquered many areas and extended his kingdom beyond Kashmir with his large Army raised from the local people.



District Map



District Profile

 1.Total Population of the District  570060 (Cencus 2011)
 2. Total Population of the District   6.18 Lacs (Projected 2017)
 3. Health Institutions   149
     a. District Hospitals   1
     b. Sub-District Hospitals  2
     c. CHC   1
     d. TB Unit   1
     e. PHCs   19
     f. NTPHCs  29
     g. sub Centers  96
 4. Literacy Rate   65%
 5. Sex Ratio:   913
 6.Educational Institutions   861
     a. Degree Collages   4
     b. High/Hr. Sec. Schools  100
     c. Middle Schools  246
     d. Primary Schools  511
 7. Road length  107443Kms
 8.Geographical Area  1090sq Kms
 9. Villages  327
 10. Tehsils  8
 11. Blocks CD  10
 12. Municipal Area Committees  5
 13. Forests  4.12 Hectares
 14. Villages Electrified  313 villages
 15. Villages with Drinking water Supply  313
 16. Altitude  5000 to 6000 feet from Sea Level
 17. Total ASHAs  544


 S.No  District  Population  Growth rate  Sex Ratio  Literacy  Density
 1  Pulwama  621017  26.00%  949  65.11  715


Health Institutions Block Wise

 S.No.  Catagory of Institution  Total
Block Wise Breakup
 Pulwama  Tral  Pompore
 1.  District Hospital  01  01  00  00
 2.  SDH  02  0  01  01
 3.  CHC  01  01  00  00
 4.  TB Clinic  01  01  00  00
 5.  PHC  19  09  02  08
 6.  PHC(New Type)  29  12  08  09
 7.  Sub-Center(All)  96  35  36  25
 Total  149  59  47  43


Demography

Area =1090 Sq Kms.
AltitudePopulation =5000- 6000 ft. above sea level
(Revenue District) =621017
Block Pulwama =244958
Block Pampore =190258
Block Tral =185801
Male =3,35,089
Female =2,85,928
Sex Ratio (Adult) =913 : 1000 (Census 2011)
0-6 Years =836 : 1000 (Census 2011)


Human Resources , District Pulwama. 2210- Normal Health

 S.No: Category of post  Sanctioned  In-Position  Vacant
Gazetted:
 1- Sr. Consultant  02  01  01
 2- Consultant  38  34  04
 3- Medical Officer  131  115  16
 4- Dental Surgeon  27  25  02
 5- Administrative Posts  08  07  01
 
Total:
 206  183  23
Non-Gazetted
 1-  Paramedical / Other Staff  513  432  95
 2-  Class-IV  254  222  32
 
Total:
  767   654   127


Human Resources , District Pulwama. 2211- Family Welfare

 S.No:  Category of post  Sanctioned  In-Position  Vacant
Gazetted:
 1- Sr. Consultant  0  0  0
 2-  Consultant   0  0  0
 3-  Medical Officer  03  0  03
 4-  Dental Surgeon   0  0  0
 5-  Administrative Posts  02  02  0
Total:
  05  02  03
Non-Gazetted:
 1-  Paramedical / Other Staff  103  83  20
 2-  Class-IV   05  0  05
Total:
  108  83  25


Graphical representation of Communicable Disease in District Pulwama for the year 2016-17

Pulwama Map